Stairs connect one floor to another, so they are very important for any house with more than one floor. But in addition to this function in the environment, they also become part of the architectural design of the house, so they must be planned taking into account functionality and aesthetics.
And at this point, the concrete staircase gains in importance and appears in projects of all kinds. They have a striking appearance and go well with modern and industrial proposals.
Concrete ladders are made of cement, sand and stone filled frames. The strong and tough concrete that results from this mix is the necessary boost for the ladder.
To build it, you can hire skilled workers or, if you already have experience with masonry, you can build it yourself. It is important to pay attention to the measures and the way that apart from the beauty, the ladder fulfills its main role, namely to connect the floors of the house.
In this post you will find important tips for the planning and construction of your ladder as well as a selection of inspiring photos of concrete ladders. See also: indoor plants, small facades, floor facades, shrimp port.
Tips for planning and construction of concrete ladder
- Carefully plan the design of your ladder. You must carefully check the dimensions and dimensions of the steps and the entire staircase (see step by step for the correct ladder calculation below). If in doubt, look for an architect or engineer to do all the necessary calculations and plan your ladder for you.
- Set the available budget to build the ladder. Straight ladder models are more economical, with spiral or U-shaped models costing more. Therefore, it is important to evaluate how much you can spend on your ladder design to suit your taste and budget.
- Also analyze the use of the ladder and the profile of the residents who will use it. A home with children and older people needs a project that prioritises safety through the use of railings, railings and non-slip tapes. If the ladder is big, it’s also interesting to create a resting point between the bids.
- Even if you do not participate directly in the construction of the ladder, you are always present at work. This guarantees the good origin of the materials used and the quality of the work.
Main models of concrete ladder
1. Straight concrete ladder
The straight model is the most common, traditional and easy to make. It meets the needs very well and enriches the environment aesthetically depending on the design.
2nd concrete spiral staircase
The model of the snail climbing ladder is very suitable for places with limited space, but which require a ladder. It is harder to do, but the end result is very interesting to live up to its name.
3. U-shaped concrete ladder
U-shaped stairs have, as the name implies, a letter-like structure. However, they are better for large environments because they consume a larger area. The advantage of this type of leader is that there is a level between the commandments that facilitates the ascent of people with reduced mobility and senior citizens.
4. Head in concrete format
Similar to the ladder model in An L-shaped concrete ladder also has a landing plate between the litters. However, its use is best for smaller sites.
5. Leaking concrete ladder
The structure of this type of ladder is obvious and thus contributes to bolder, more modern and sophisticated decoration proposals.
6. Concrete ladder with center beam
This is a very nice staircase model that stands out in the environment in which it is built. The visible rays look good in modern designs.
How to design a concrete ladder
The first step before mixing cement and sand is to calculate the conductor size. Engineers use specific calculations for this purpose. But it is possible to expect the specified minimum dimensions.
The length of the step or step, as it is also known, is the size of the tread surface. In this case the minimum dimension is 25 centimeters. Even the mirror or the height of the step should not be less than 19 inches.
In addition to determining the measures of the steps, it is necessary to check the total number of steps. This calculation results from the total height of the right foot of the house divided by the size of the mirror.
How to build a concrete ladder
After defining the dimensions of the steps and the overall size of the ladder, it is time to start the construction. See the simplified step-by-step guide to building a concrete ladder below and watch the detailed explanation video to make sure there’s no doubt at the start of the process:
- The first step is to prepare the place that will receive the ladder. Use the existing measures to place a stake in each of the four corners to mark the area of the ladder. This step is important to ensure a regular and focused design.
- Then it is necessary to excavate the place where the concrete is poured. The depth should be between 15 and 20 inches from the ground. The span must follow the same shape of the ladder that was previously marked by the piles.
- With the marked and prepared spot, you begin to form the ladder shape. Cut one board for each step and another for each side of the ladder. Mount the mold by screwing the parts together.
- Position the mold and check the level, if one side is higher than the other, use a washer, but do not let the ladder stay off the level, this will affect its functionality and aesthetics.
- Finally, make the concrete dough and fill the mold. Provide the necessary finish and wait for the drying time of the concrete to remove the mold.
Your ladder is ready!
Step by step video on how to make a concrete ladder
In this series of four videos you will learn the Pulo do Gato in Construction channel, how to make a concrete ladder from start to finish. Look at it!
How much is a concrete ladder?
At this point in the championship, you have to ask yourself, “How much does a concrete ladder cost?” To answer that question, you must consider many aspects. Starting with the desired ladder model.
As mentioned earlier, a straight ladder is cheaper than a U-shaped ladder. The materials used for completion, in addition to processing, also affect the overall cost of the work.
But given the simpler and more traditional model that is the straight concrete ladder, get ready to spend at least $ 2000.00. This is the only value of the material without work. Research, rate and haggle at the best price, but do not neglect the quality of materials and workmanship.
After so much technical information, how about a selection of concrete ladder pictures, a bit overwhelming? Check below:
1 – To follow the curved shape of the construction, the best type is the concrete model screw.
2 – Concrete ladder follows the same color pattern of the walls.
3 – The small concrete staircase gives access to another staircase that is more innovative.
4 – Ladder and protection of the concrete body.
5 – The conclusion of this ladder comes only at the top, at the sides the concrete is visible.
6 – Individual concrete steps on iron.
7 – Apparent concrete is a trend in current staircase models.
8 – In the ceiling and on the stairs.
9 – Ladder in concrete format.
10 – The concrete U-shaped staircase was used to hold a bench made of the same material as the staircase.
11 – concrete ladder in two colors; one for the environment from the bottom up.
12 – Modern concrete staircase with glass heel.
13 – concrete ladder painted white.
14 – The concrete is the base, but the other materials stand out, like the glass in the guardrace and the wood in the corner of each step.
15 – Loose concrete steps on the floor give access to a larger staircase; Mark the wall that brings the drawing of the ladder into the painting.
16 – Concrete ladder with the top of the steps covered with wood.
17 – L-shaped concrete ladder with glass body protection.
18 – Low lights illuminate the concrete stairs and evaluate the material.
19 – Leaky concrete ladder; every step is hung on an iron structure.
20 – Concrete deck next to the ladder.
21 – The increased landing allowed the use of a straight and unique staircase.
22 – Double ladder function: individual wooden steps give access to the upper ladder; If the intention is not to climb, the high levels serve as a bench.
23 – U-shaped concrete staircase with bodyguard only in the upper litter.
24 – Modern and refined, this ladder combines different materials to create a beautiful visual effect in the room.
25 – Wooden boards, which are smaller than the step, accompany the whole concrete staircase.
26 – Concrete ladder leaked, straight and easy.
27 – Two materials in the same ladder: in the first litter the apparent concrete; soon after the continuous metal ladder.
28 – A concrete ladder that impresses who looks.
29 – In this project the ladder starts on the mobile phone; or are the furniture under the stairs?
30 – Prank with the guests: The painting on the staircase perfectly imitates a carpet.
31 – To get out of the concrete, how about a highlight on the stairs?
32 – The metal beam stands out in the structure of these well-worn concrete ladders.
33 – Wood and concrete create a double charm.
34 – In order to get into the living room, a small concrete staircase was used.
35 – Three concrete steps, the rest of the straight stairs is the wood.
36 – Remember that U-ladders need space to build.
37 – A cellar or a ladder? It could be both!
38 – Wooden floor accompanies the stairs only at the top of the stairs.
39 – Concrete veranda gives access to the main staircase.
40 – The length of the steps can be determined on a project-specific basis; For example, this is much larger than the standard.
41 – Very modern this ladder mixing steps of different sizes in wood and concrete.
42 – Concrete on each ladder in U-shape.
43 – U-ladder starts in concrete and ends in wood; The bodyguards were made of glass and metal.
44 – concrete ladder with wooden bodyguard.
45 – Leaky ladder was even more reckless with the metal wires hanging from it.
46 – Concrete ladder with elastic cord body protection.
47 – concrete ladder on the outside of the house; Highlight the details of the steps that shrink as you approach the house.
48 – One of wood, one of concrete, one of wood, one of concrete …
49 – Almost a snail.
50 – At the beginning of the stairs, sign the floors of each department of the company.
51 – Each step of this concrete staircase differs in different ways from the arrowhead.
52 – Do you prefer a higher or lower step? In this ladder you can choose it has both options.
53 – Glass body protection for the concrete staircase outside the house.
54 – Between the wood and the concrete the ladder with the concrete remained.
55 – concrete straight ladder with high steps.
56 – A finishing for the concrete ladder: decorative tiles.
57 – Ladder with wide steps makes the outdoor area more beautiful and elegant.
58 – A completely different staircase: The wooden veranda gives access to the main staircase without connection between the two.
59 – House of clean decoration opted for a white staircase with an iron bodyguard worked.
60 – Under the stairs you can always do something interesting.