Cacti are plants that attract a legion of fans because they are species that are easy to care for and look very beautiful and different. With their popularization and easy customization, it is common to see more and more different types in specialty stores. Today we will talk about how to take care of cacti:
Its main characteristic is that it survives in extreme conditions of drought thanks to its ability to collect water in the stems, leaves and roots. They are usually covered in barbs and thorns, making it very easy to spot a cactus.
They are ideal plants for people who are unable to care for plants that require greater care because they are simple, versatile plants with little maintenance. Check out the tips and always keep a cactus beautiful.
How to care for cacti: ideal soil
The ideal land for cacti should be a mixture of crushed leaves, coarse sand, and clay. The sand must not be too thin or too round in order to avoid compaction of the soil and damage to the water drainage.
If your cactus is placed in properly prepared soil, your plant will be at least 4-5 years old without the need to add fertilizer.
As it grows, you can add bone meal or phosphate from time to time, gradually, never all at once, and liquid fertilizer.
Solid fertilizer can also be used, but you need to add the fertilizer where the roots are and then water the surface.
How to plant cacti
This type of plant is very versatile and adapts to any place because they grow because they have space. When there is no more space, park in the size they can reach.
So you can plant in small vases first, in the mini version, which are a cuteness to have indoors on the coffee table, desk, or even on the desk and then grow into large species that can decorate an entire room.
- Choose the ideal vase. Cacti can be planted in any type of pot: plastic, ceramic, clay pots, glass containers, and even cups.
- It is important that the pot you choose has holes to facilitate drainage or that your cactus can “drown” die.
- Fill the vase with the substrate for cacti with soil mixed with sand and avoid clay soil.
- Carefully remove a sprout from the mother plant, as the spikes can hurt, and fit it into a small hole in the ground. Within two months your bud will develop roots.
- Finally, cover the vase with pebbles or gravel.
To replant and grow the cactus, you need to provide a large vase that is 25 cm to 1 m deep. Prepare the substrate as described above, remove the cactus from the small jar and transplant it into the larger jar, keeping the same level as before.
Always wear gloves to protect hands when handling cacti, as thorns are very painful. And keep the vase with the cactus transplanted in the shade for a few days.
5 good reasons to have a cactus at home
1. Requires little water
If you are the type who forgets to take care of the plants or just doesn’t have the time because you travel a lot and spend a lot of time away from home, the cacti are perfect to brighten up your home. They do not need frequent watering, on the contrary, if you get too wet they can rot and die.
2. Excess sun
Is your house very hot and taking in more intense sunshine in the open areas? This can be a problem for growing certain plants, but not for cacti. They need a lot of direct light and can withstand high temperatures. This is the right plant for the place you live in.
There are cacti of all types and sizes, the biodiversity is enormous. With the mini cacti you can build vases, with the big ones you can create a stylish and different look and they can be packed in any place. When the space to grow ends, it parks.
4. Relief cut
Cacti don’t need pruning, so they’re very handy plants that require little maintenance. They are cute in their original shape, cut will make them weird.
5. Close to nature
It’s always good to have a little green around the house and if you can’t keep plants that require more care, invest in the cacti. They feel good about having a small plant nearby and are very hardy.
6. Colorful cacti
Did you know there are red, yellow, orange, and even pink cacti? The first colored cactus accidentally appeared in a greenhouse in Japan, was considered a mutation of a conventional cactus, and began to reproduce.
Nowadays they are very popular and you can find colorful cacti even in supermarkets that sell flowers or in virtual stores and the price varies from R to R real of each plant.
However, colored species have one big difference from traditional cacti: they are considered delicate plants and are more difficult to care for. Check the necessary care:
- the substrate must be more porous and with little organic material
- Watering should be very moderate to avoid getting wet on the leaves and allowing the water to hit the ground directly
- the plant should be in the shade without direct sunlight
Even with all of these worries, the life of a colored cactus is less than the life of conventional cacti. So if you prefer a plant to last for many, many years, give preference to conventional cacti because their durability is greater.
How to make a cactus bloom
Did you know that cacti can bloom too? In fact, because of their bright colors and various shapes, cactus flowers are considered to be one of the most beautiful in nature. Before making the decision to get flowers from your cactus, be sure to check to see if it is in bloom as there aren’t all species that will.
Also, check the flowering time so that you’re fertilizing high-potassium a month or two ago.
In winter, it is necessary to keep it out of the cold and reduce watering to once or twice a month. But don’t despair if your cactus doesn’t bloom on the first try, as these plants are slow to develop and can take years to offer their first bloom.
It takes a lot of dedication and patience to enjoy this wonder of nature, but don’t give up. Just for the sake of curiosity, did you know that there is a genus of cacti called the Cereus, better known as the Mandacaru, that is large in size and has a white flower that opens for just one night?
And did you know that Mayflower is considered a plant in the cactus family? It got this name because it usually blooms between the months of April and May and gives excellent flowers that resemble a small orchid.
Watch the video on caring for cacti and succulents:
As you can see, the cacti are phenomenal plants that you can grow without fear. Use the tips in our article and start building your cactus garden.