Orchids are flowers that go well with any setting. Whether in the back yard, in a vase in your living room or office, or even in a place that is specially designed for you.
The fact is that these flowers are of multiple species and are not that difficult to care for, so much so that they both adapt in pots and are planted right in your garden.
To help you in this task, to learn more about these flowers, we have separated some tips to ensure that you can worry about orchids without suffering. !
Types of orchids
It is worth noting that there are more than 50 thousand species of orchids, of which an average of 3.5 thousand are here in Brazil.
These species are broken down into more common species and the most famous is the Phalaenopsis , which almost everyone at home has, or at least has ever seen!
In addition to the Phalaenopsis, there are also the Dendrobium , Oncidium , Vanda , Cattleya and Denphal . Each of these orchids adapts better to a room and requires different care.
Orchids for the garden or yard
With Oncidium fit well both in the house and in the garden. They are ideal for those who want to add a special touch to the decoration of the environment – or the garden itself. They are easy to maintain and maintain.
In Vanda air roots, so it is interesting that they are planted in the garden or on the farm. They love light and airy environments, which reinforces the idea of keeping them out of the house.
At Cattleya compete with Phalaenopsis by the attention of Brazilians, among the most desirable and sought after species of orchids. They are easy to grow, adapt well to any environment, and can be kept in the garden or garden or in pots in the house or apartment.
Orchids in the house or in the apartment
In Phalaenopsis, they like shade and warmth, which means they adapt better if potted indoors or around the apartment, away from the sun but in a place that’s warmer to them.
The dendrobium, because it requires constant watering, will also better adapt to pots and indoor growing. They’re easy to look after, but it’s interesting that they’re in a place they’ll always remember.
The Denphal are descended from a type of Dendrobium orchid, which means that they have similar characteristics and also survive better indoors when grown in pots.
Types of pots to grow orchids
Orchids grown in the house or apartment do not need special vases. They fit well in any type of ship. From plastic to ceramics.
Still, when choosing the best type of pot, it is interesting to consider the type chosen, the climate of the region you live in, the substrates you plan to use, and the time you will need to devote to plant care.
Plastic vases retain more moisture, so if you live in a more humid area and choose a species of orchid that doesn’t use as much water, go for ceramic vases.
Fertilizers and substrates for orchids
Soil is not the most recommended substrate for orchid growing, as its roots usually take up more space and can even be in the air. Therefore, the use of pine bark, xaxines, perlite and even a mixture of different substrates is recommended.
Mixing is recommended when in doubt which substrate works best and Phalaenopsis and Cattleya . In addition to the option of mixing your own substrates, there is also the option of buying your orchids.
As for the ideal fertilizer for orchids, it is best to use NPK 20-20-20, which can be used once a week and should be applied to both the leaves and the plant substrate.
How to care for orchids: 5 tips that you shouldn’t ignore
Some types of orchids like enough light, others prefer that the lightness is less. Always pay attention to what suits your orchid best.
If you have plants in your house, you can leave them near the window – in case it’s light enough – or in a place that doesn’t get as much sun.
The temperature of the area you live in – as well as the room chosen to care for the orchids – will indicate the best pot and substrate to use and how the flowers will be watered.
The ideal is that in regions with higher temperatures you choose vessels that hold moisture longer and water more frequently. Move to ceramic pots already in cold and humid regions and prefer to water less often, often just to spray water on the plant.
Watering orchids will depend on the species and species you have chosen, and also the region you live in. When choosing orchids that need more water, always take the time to look after the plants.
One tip for finding out if the flower needs watering is to check what the substrate is like. Ideally, it should be slightly damp – for orchids that don’t need as much water – or rather damp for those that need more water.
This will help you find out when is the right time to water the plant. Also, don’t forget that the best time to water is always at dawn or late afternoon when the heat and sun are weaker.
4. Air circulation
Orchids like well-ventilated environments, so it’s interesting that you leave them next to windows if you choose to grow them in your home or apartment.
A very subdued place can hinder the plant’s growth and even help it weaken and develop some type of pest.
5. Beware of pests
Plants that are grown in the garden or on the yard are more prone to pest infestation. However, this can also happen with orchids in pots.
It is necessary to pay attention to the presence of any animals, such as snails, slugs, and some types of ants, that feed on the leaves of the plant. The most common plague of orchids is the aphid.
Insecticides can relieve most pests in addition to plant care.
Now you know how to grow and care for orchids . Start your orchid garden today!