Like other plants, the sunflower also requires special care to stay healthy at all times.
How to Care for Sunflower: Important Tips for Growing the Flower
In most cases, it is not necessary to prune the sunflowers often unless you grow several in the same place and can then serve to prevent the flowers from stealing each other’s space.
Remember to plant sunflowers and do you have any doubts about how to take care of these flowers? Learn what you need to do to take care of a sunflower in this article:
Main characteristics of sunflowers
The most common properties of sunflowers include:
- Plants that reach from 1m to 4m in height;
- They represent fame, success, happiness and even happiness;
- Sunflower oil is made from its seeds;
- It is a flower that likes higher temperatures;
- Must be exposed to direct sunlight for at least a few hours a day;
- Likes damp soil more;
- It can be planted in pots, but it is recommended to bet in smaller ways;
- They are used for the production of biodiesel;
- His flowers are large and showy;
- They attract insects that help pollinate the garden, like bees;
What is the best place to plant a sunflower?
You have two options when planting sunflowers, pots, and the garden yourself, but each requires a different maintenance:
1. In the ship
If the idea is to grow the sunflower in the house or apartment, the pot is the best choice. In this case, you need to choose a large vase and invest in dwarf or smaller plants.
Sunflowers do not go well with the change of location, so plant directly in the pot where the flowers should stay.
It is also important that you keep the vase in a place that gets direct sunlight, because the flowers need it to develop.
2 In the garden
Already possible in the garden to invest in sunflower species that reach higher heights. You can also plant several. Always make sure that they are not too close.
Prepare the soil (this flower likes a neutral pH, although it can tolerate variations) and dig a hole that is two to four inches deep. Plant the seeds and water.
When sunflowers are born, it is necessary to prune them when they are very close to each other. You should always keep the land moist, but never soak it.
Time of planting and flowering
Sunflowers can be planted all year round, there are no restrictions on the planting season. However, if you opt for warmer periods like spring and summer, you will see the flowering time reach faster.
The flowers usually appear between spring and summer, depending on the season in which they were planted, and the temperature can occur at other seasons. The most important is that the temperature fluctuates between eighteen and thirty degrees and is considered ideal for flowering.
Sun exposure and ideal temperature
As you may have heard, sunflowers accompany the movement of the sun. Which means that they like to be exposed to sunlight.
If they are grown in the garden, they will surely be exposed to the sun. If you take care of the flowers indoors or the apartment, make sure that they get direct sunlight for at least six hours a day.
In terms of temperature, these flowers prefer the warmer climate so much that they can withstand heat very close to 40 degrees. Therefore, it is ideal to be careful not to be exposed to the cold, especially if you live in icy regions.
Sunflowers do not survive temperatures below five degrees, and it is recommended that they are exposed to a minimum of ten degrees and no less to ensure that they become healthy.
How does irrigation work?
These flowers do not like very dry or extremely moist soil. Therefore, it is interesting to watch what the land is like and do the irrigation to keep it moist.
Adult plants can cope with dry spells, but too much water will kill the sunflowers. If the flower stays in the garden and it has rained frequently, it may not be necessary to water.
If you stay in a vase, check how the earth is every day. If it is damp, avoid watering, if it starts to dry, it is necessary to water the plant.
Sunflowers don’t have much prejudice about the ground. You can even survive pH changes (more acidic or more basic). Nevertheless, it is ideal to plant them in soils with a neutral pH and with several nutrients.
It is not recommended to fertilize the soil unless you want very large flowers. And in this case, the recommended fertilizers are those based on nitrogen.
Another important aspect regarding the floor is the humidity. It should be a room that absorbs water without accumulating and does not stink so easily.
The soil should also be soft, loose and light to make planting easier.
Most of the time, you don’t need to prune the sunflowers unless you want to harvest them. This is because they are plants that only bloom once a year.
Pruning is only recommended for those who have planted many flowers together and are growing in groups. In this case, pruning is ideal to prevent one sunflower from repelling the other.
If you need to cut, it is recommended to do it only twice a year, usually in late spring or early summer.
Another interesting tip regarding the cut, which is also recommended for those who grow different flowers, is to remove those that have become smaller and weaker. This should be done when the plant becomes about 8 cm tall.
So you increase the distance between the sunflowers and ensure that only those that remain strong and beautiful are planted. This space, created by removing weaker plants, also helps prevent one sunflower from repelling the other.
Protection against pests
To protect your sunflowers from pests, it is interesting that:
1. Remove pests
Sunflowers planted in the garden are more exposed to this situation. The plant is fairly resistant to pests, but is usually the victim of a moth that lays its eggs in the middle of the flower.
When this happens, the eggs must be removed one by one.
2. Apply fungicide
Another common situation is the appearance of mold and rust caused by fungi. To prevent this, just apply a small fungicide.
3. Put screens on the sunflowers
Birds also like these plants very much, they even feed on them. If you want to prevent this, you can protect the flowers by placing umbrellas on them.
However, this is only recommended if you notice that many birds are attacking the flowers. Otherwise, you don’t need to use the screen.
Now you already know how to grow and take care of sunflowers. As you can see, these are plants that do not require special care and survive well in different environments.
The main thing is that they are exposed to the sun and pay attention to irrigation, since the plant does not like very moist soil.