Laminate flooring has long been the favorite of renovations and renovations of surroundings because it is quite sturdy, easy to install, and costs a lot less than a parquet.
This material is also very versatile as some of them are suitable not only for homes but also for high traffic environments such as gyms, shops and malls. Have you decided on a laminate floor but don’t know how to install it? Follow our article today for tips and guidelines on how to install laminate flooring
What is laminate?
The laminate floor is a floating floor made of wooden slats in various widths and lengths with surfaces and colors of the most varied. It is buoyant because it is not nailed or glued to the substrate, its installation is carried out on a ceiling.
The main characteristics of laminate flooring and its main advantages are that it is a natural wood product coated with a resin film of high strength and low porosity that prevents the absorption of liquid, easy maintenance at the time of cleaning and high durability.
Each floor blade consists of 4 layers: the swing, the substrate, the decorative laminate and the overlay. The scales are the lowest part of the floor, responsible for the stability of the blades and the resistance of the product to moisture.
The substrate is the main piece, usually made from high density plywood, fairly shock resistant, and located where the fittings are. The decorative blade is made of cellulose and gives the floor color and structure. Depending on the line selected, it can be printed on a wooden foil.
And finally, the overlay, which is nothing more than a film that is applied to the decorative laminate and provides protection from scratches and scrapes.
Types of laminate flooring
This type of laminate floor is typically used in apartments and houses. The blades range from 7 to 9 mm thick, average width of 21 cm and length in the range of 1.36 m. These dimensions are not standardized, each manufacturer can represent floors in different formats.
2. High-traffic laminate floor
This type of floor is indicated for environments with high circulation of people such as shops, academies and shopping malls. Its main feature is an even greater resistance than the laminate to wear. The number of colors and textures is as large as that of the wood laminate and the installation is the same.
Main advantages of laminate floors
- Easy maintenance : the laminate floor is very easy to clean, just a damp cloth and you will remove most stains and dirt;
- Easy installation : the vanes are designed with male-female connectors, which makes installation easier;
- Reduced cost : compared to hardboard (hardwood), the laminate becomes much cheaper;
- Friend of the environment : Laminate floors are made from forest wood, so there is no danger to the environment;
- Extended Warranty : Most manufacturers offer at least 10 years warranty;
- High resistance : Laminate floors are unlikely to have problems such as termite infestation as they are already made with components that remove this type of pest;
How to install laminate flooring: installation
Get to know the materials you need before you start and the step-by-step guide for laminate flooring:
1. Materials required
- Laminate flooring in the amount needed to cover the floor area. This type of material is sold per square meter, do the calculation before purchasing the material;
- Smooth ceiling for cemented substructures or non-ground floor apartments. Ventilated carpet for wood, stone, ceramic or vinyl floors. Acoustic ceiling for floors not on the ground floor and apartments that require noise reduction;
- 1.5 cm spacer;
- Profile T for installation in all door openings and every 8 m 2 floor-wall profile that can be used as an alternative to the baseboard, angles that are installed next to built-in cupboards or masonry furniture;
- Adhesive for skirting boards;
- Circular saw;
- Rubber hammer;
- Headless nails;
2. Before you begin
- Before starting the installation of the floor, 24 hours beforehand, keep the floor in a horizontal position and on a flat surface at room temperature.
- Make sure the subfloor is clean and level.
3. Step-by-step to put laminate flooring
- Install the appropriate ceiling on the substrate type. It must always be placed in the opposite direction to the positioning of the blades. Leave about 1 cm behind the baseboards or in the corners of the walls. Use the tape to connect the parts of the ceiling;
- Place the spacers on the wall so that there is enough space for the floor to expand.
- Start by installing the slats parallel to the wider wall of the room. The first blade should be with the side of the plug facing the wall;
- Go with the blade to the blade and always make sure that the wood pattern is in order;
- When you have completed the row, you may need to adjust the length of the last blade. Cut it with the decorative side down and the cut side towards the wall;
- When starting the second row, use a blade cut in half. Place it at a 30 degree angle and go down to adjust it and continue that path until the end of the installation;
- Hold the blades in place by gently tapping the ends and closing the grooves. Use a stop block and do not use the hammer directly on the blades;
- When installing the last row of blades, you may need to adjust the width of the entire row. If necessary, measure and cut each blade with the saw;
- Finally, remove the spacers, fix the baseboards to the wall with glue and nails without a head. Adjust the appropriate profiles on each corner of the wall.
How to Put Laminate Flooring: Important Tips
- You can improvise your own spacers and save in the process. Just create spacers that are 5 to 10 mm thick, cut in an L shape, and at least 30 cm long;
- Don’t forget to remove the spacers once you’ve installed all of the blades;
- It is good to take someone with you and be responsible for observing how the congregation is when there is a difference or defect;
- It is important to always start the second, third and other rows in the middle of the front row in order to use more leaves and to make the soil more resistant. This technique also makes it difficult for people to see the floor joints when they are finished;
- Always wear protectors such as goggles and gloves to avoid cutting yourself when handling chainsaws or stilettos, or while hammering;
- Do not install laminate flooring in wet areas such as bathrooms, saunas, laundromats or kitchens, it is not resistant to excessive moisture;
- Place felt pads under heavy furniture, table tops and chairs to avoid scratching or damaging the floor;
- To clean your floor, just use a soft broom or vacuum cleaner. For more thorough cleaning, use a cloth dampened with a little water and a non-abrasive cleaning agent.
What did you think? Do you think you can install your laminate floor alone or with the help of friends?