Lighting design is the study of artificial lighting to balance the function of any environment, internal or external, that offers functionality, beauty and the saving of electrical energy for construction. This last property is most important, after all, the overuse of lamps adds cost and wasted energy.

It is very important to hire a specialist in the area who will help with the selection of the luminaires and precisely calculate the amount of light required for each environment in order to ensure the necessary comfort. This person in charge takes into account the tastes of the residents and always shows the project proposals so that the lighting can better enjoy the place without losing its identity.


An important tip is to start the project at the time of construction, as this way there is more flexibility for changes and can work alongside the natural light of the surroundings. If it is to carry out the project, it should include the site plan and specifications of lamps, lights and electrical points.

Efficient lighting is a solution that is also suitable for suggesting decorations: it can create scenarios, highlight elements, divide environments into sectors, define distribution areas and highlight details such as a coating or a frame on the wall.

Since it is a versatile design, its use will depend on the tasks developed in the environment, the surroundings, the furnishing of the furniture and the colors for different sensations such as warmth, balance and even well-being through chromotherapy.

Today, LED lamps are the best alternative in terms of economy, durability and quality. Despite the high investment, these are the models with the best cost x benefit. If you choose LED lights, look for up to 3000k for rooms, bedrooms and dining rooms. Use the 4000k white for kitchens and bathrooms.

Know the main types of lighting

Before knowing the types of lighting used, it is ideal to understand what the main purpose of the environment is. There are places where lighting requires more care, such as a doctor’s office. Even a place with informal use, such as a warehouse, is the function of achieving lighting without worrying about its appearance. Aesthetics are important to a hotel: lights should draw attention to customers who are interested in the location. So knowing what type of lighting will be used is very important to start a good lighting project.

Although the traditional thing is to install the lamp in the center of the ceiling of a room, there are other ways to position it. Every proposal and every environment requires a certain type of lighting that can be diffuse, direct or indirect. Below are the three main types of lighting for lighting projects.

Direct

The direct model, as the name suggests, is the point where light hits a specific point directly. For example: a lamp or table lamp that illuminates a work table or bedside table.

Indirectly

Very common in plaster of Paris linings, the light reflects on the white surface and is distributed through the surroundings, making it possible to create more intimate environments.

Diffuse

This type of lighting is one that distributes light evenly around the area. So it is widely used in rooms, bedrooms and bathrooms.

Inspiration for lighting projects

To understand better, let’s see in practice how to embed this study in some architecture projects:

Image 1 – The plaster coverings are ideal for a good lighting technology project.

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In the above construction we can observe the indirect lighting with the help of the liner. This is one of the most asked for bets in decoration as the light leaves these cracks in the sealed plaster of paris. The spots complement the lighting with an even distribution throughout the area.

Figure 2 – For the home office: The tube lamp is a big bet.

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Because it is longer, light can travel the length of the workbench.

Photo 3 – Invest in highlight lighting for the facade.

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In addition to the composition of the materials, the facade assessment at night is very important. One option is to use floor lights to highlight the circulation with 3000k LED bulbs that have low power consumption and last longer.

Picture 4 – Great option for bedroom lighting.

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The LED strips behind the headboard are charming and ideal for those who don’t want to light the food at night.

Photo 5 – Bathroom lighting.

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Make sure the lighting is more even and intense. Install a main lamp that distributes light throughout the room and places decorative lighting next to the counter in front of the mirror. In this case, avoid incandescent bulbs that create shadows as they obstruct the view.

Image 6 – The lighting of the dressing room is ideal for composing the scene of the makeup, besides having a decorative function in the area.

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Picture 7 – LED strips behind the mirror.

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This technique is very common for decorating bathrooms as it creates the impression that the mirror is floating on the wall. The appearance is brighter and leaves the room with adequate lighting.

Figure 8 – Indirect light for the office.

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This type of wall-mounted lighting is perfect for this type of location as it does not appear directly on the computer screen, which can cause some inconvenience and make the surroundings more tiresome.

Image 9 – Cracks in the plaster enable a design in the lining and bring beauty to the environment.

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Image 10 – Lighting for home theater or cinema.

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When planning the lighting for these rooms, you need to consider the location of the TV and prevent the lights from reflecting off the screen, which can disrupt TV or movie time. In this environment you prefer indirect lighting, which makes the environment more visually pleasant.

Photo 11 – Also work with wood paneling.

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This type of lining is elegant and, thanks to its material, makes the environment look more welcoming. In this project, the liner can delimit the surroundings without creating a single large space. The different lighting points vary from the rails to the open, light-colored wood molding, which further improves the composition of the materials in the ceiling.

Image 12 – White light for the bathroom.

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The surface of the mirror should have good lighting, preferably with white light, which will better illuminate the room and be closer to reality, which will make the area ideal for makeup.

Image 13 – The profile of the resident is very important when choosing the lights.

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In a living room with coffee tables or corner tables, the points of light can be focused on these objects. Not only do they make a beautiful composition, but they also help illuminate the environment.

Image 14 – Light embedded in the joinery.

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An important point of the lighting design are the lights installed in the closet, which help in choosing the piece. On the shelves, lighting can highlight decorative objects such as books, vases, and pictures.

Image 15 – As a resident using the small kitchen, the bet was in an intimate lighting.

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In this proposal of lighting for the kitchen, the idea was to invest in pendants on the table: a more intense lighting of the area, with comfort for the meals on the bench.

Image 16 – The light trails in the wood cladding appreciate the decoration of the room.

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The ambience still has yellow lamps, which give the decorative proposal and the feeling of cosiness due to the color temperature of the lamps more charm.


Figure 17 – The lighting can still highlight the wall cladding.

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Figure 18 – Electrified rails are a good option for rental housing.

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This way there is no need to break any building structure, the result is a house with a lighting project designed with your needs in mind.

Image 19 – The lights installed under the steps make the look lighter and more elegant.

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Image 20 – The crack in the covering enables indirect lighting to be used in the area of ​​the bathroom worktop.

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Picture 21 – Decorative lighting for the kitchen.

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The lighting in this project values ​​all the details of the environment, such as colors, furniture and materials. The softer lighting is directed through the rails of stains onto the cooking area, joinery and appliances.

Image 22 – Lighting for baby rooms.

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LED dots are a great choice for a kid’s room as they take away the playful air the environment needs. In addition, the washers play a huge role in facilitating the activities of changing clothes, diapers, and other things.

Image 23 – Neon lights are the latest trend in decoration.

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Image 24 – For the rooms, you bet on the dimmers.

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This environment demands comfort and cosiness. Therefore, using a light intensity meter is interesting depending on your activity. After all, the room is a place of relaxation, but it can also be a workplace. For general lighting, it is recommended to use luminaires with incandescent lamps. Lamps and lamps with yellowish bulbs will help make the environment more intimate.

Picture 25 – The yellow lighting was ideal for composing with the wooden panel.

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Picture 26 – Two-way panes create a decorative effect on the wall.

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Picture 27 – Light the joinery niches with the LED spots.

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Picture 28 – Grappling with the furniture is an alternative to highlighting it in the environment.

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Image 29 – Lighting wires are ideal for a child’s room and create very bright lighting for the environment.

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Figure 30 – Pay attention to diffuse and even lighting in the kitchen.

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See that in addition to the spots that illuminate the food counter, the kitchen has a single point of light that aims to evenly illuminate the indoor environment. The indicated lamps are white because the room needs intense and clear lighting. And since this project has an integrated dining room, it is ideal to create a more sociable atmosphere by using pendants at the dining table, leaving the modern setting and making sure that the entire table is magnificently lit.

Image 31 – The LED incandescent lamp or retro LED refers to incandescent lamps, but saves up to 10 times less energy.

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This type of lamp is ideal for use in cascade form, on a base that forms pendant lights. There is a very similar model that is a carbon filament, but its consumption is much greater, which brings in more heat than luminosity.

Picture 32 – Light the stairs.

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Figure 33 – For integrated environments, try to match the same appearance of lights and color temperatures.

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In this project we can observe the use of lighting rails covering all integrated environments. The deviation between white and yellow light is acceptable: in these cases, use luminaires of the same format.

Image 34 – Choose long and indirect lights in the hallway.

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Illus. 35 – Lighting for the desktop.

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The direction of the lights and the level of illuminance are extremely important in making the environment more suitable for the activity to develop. In this proposal, white direct lighting was used in wall washers that are located near the workbench. To avoid design mistakes, consider the positioning of the computer and lamps so that light does not reflect off the screen.

Image 36 – The purpose of the spots is to highlight the objects on each shelf.

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Picture 37 – Decorative lighting for the hallway.

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In this proposal, the architectural composition and the lighting engineer work together. The hallway with brickwork and interior cladding gives a sense of a longer environment, while the light that contours this area emphasizes the circulation.

Picture 38 – Spots and LED wires decorate these conductors.

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Image 39 – The lighting allows the design of this lining to be highlighted even more.

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Photo 40 – Living room with diffuse lighting.

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This type of lighting is ideal for the room as the light is evenly distributed in the room. In this proposal, diffuse and white lighting was installed in the plaster cracks. The direct lighting is based on spots to illuminate the frame on the wall.

Picture 41 – Corridor with indirect light.

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Picture 42 – Windows decorate a children’s room.

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Picture 43 – In addition to the spots, this room has a directional light that allows illuminating every corner of this environment.

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Image 44 – The plaster lining can prioritize lighting for any type of activity.

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A nursery should take into account all of the activities that children will do in that setting. In the project above, the spots work as the main lighting, while the secondary ones reinforce the other functions of the children in this room, such as reading by the bed and studying at the small table in the center of the room.

Photo 45 – Gypsum lamellas act as decorative items and as a covering.

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Picture 46 – Industrial decoration goes beyond materials.

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Fig. 47 – Lighting for clean rooms.

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Picture 48 – Living room with diffuse and indirect lighting.

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The priority in this project is to highlight the lighting lining and leaving the lighting cleaner in the center of the room.

Image 49 – The spots must be positioned according to the layout of the environment.

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Image 50 – corporate lighting.

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In addition to traditional cladding, the office should use lights, especially at workplaces.

Image 51 – The contrast of the black in the decoration with the yellow light creates a modern and intimate atmosphere.

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Image 52 – Intimate lighting for the living room.

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For this proposal, you will work with specific lighting to enhance the furniture and decoration that will go with the coatings.

Picture 53 – As this is a room benefiting from natural light, the details of the lighting project can be traced back to the shelf with LED strips that stand out in the area.

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Image 54 – Lighting for integrated living room and kitchen.

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Plaster of paris is the best way to integrate two or more environments, as a single material can harmonize this connection. In the above design, recessed lighting fixtures colored yellow were installed in the recessed plaster of paris lining, reflecting light onto the curtains and ceiling.

Picture 55 – Playing with the height of the linings and lamps.

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Image 56 – Mix different types of rails in the same environment.

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In this way it is possible to create a more daring decoration in the environment, leaving a little of the traditional and diversifying in the types of lights and types of surfaces.

Picture 57 – Apply decorative lighting in the room.

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The lighting highlights the pictures on the wall and highlights the bluish tones of the artwork. LED tubes that are installed in the joinery take more sophistication to the design of this living room.

Picture 58 – In the dining area, a counterpart illuminates the area when it is used by the residents.

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Picture 59 – Adjust the natural lighting in your lighting project.

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It would be impossible not to use the natural light in this room as it has many windows in its expanse. Still, it’s ideal to put some lightbulbs around the edges of the area, which will make artificial lighting warm and more intimate. In addition, the places on the floor improve the slatted wood panel and determine the circulation area.

Picture 60 – Corridor with lighting rail.

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Rails are also great items for runners because they are long and flexible, such as the size of the room. In this case, since the wardrobe is integrated into the bedroom, the rail can direct the lamps according to your needs, which makes it easier from changing clothes to the moment of makeup.

 

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