Roof models: the main types and materials for construction

Thinking about the roof model of the house is one of the most important steps of the work, not only for the functional aspect, but also for the aesthetic function offered by the structure. There are different models of roofs that are made with a variety of materials. Knowing the specifics of each one is important to have a modern home and outdoors, after all, an inadequate or poorly constructed roof will make your home live with leaks and moisture.

In this article, we will introduce you to every type of roof, its characteristics and the main materials used to make it. That way, you can make the best choice for your home. check-out:

Arched roof models

Of great aesthetic value, vaulted roofs are usually made only from one side of the house. It was the architect Oscar Niemeyer who dedicated this type of roof to the constructions, but the model is not much to see because of its high cost.

But for those who like the proposal and have a free budget to invest in a work of this size, the domed roof is a great choice for homes of modern architecture. However, this type of roof should only be designed by trained professionals to ensure the proposed design curve and proper function. See some models:

1 – Sobrado with arched roof; The wood panel reinforces the structure additionally.

House with arched roof

2 – Like a wave in the sea: impossible to deny the beauty of this curved roof house.

Curved roof model

3 – Not as curved as the others, but it is possible to notice the slight curvature of the structure.

Bend in roof structure

4 – Arched roof accompanies the curved structure of the house.

Arched roof follows the structure of the house

Gambrel roof models

The Gambrel roof is closely linked to the shape of American homes brought to the US by Dutch immigrants, the original location of this type of roof. The Gambrel roof has two angles, the upper is flatter and the lower steeper.

5 – Roof tile Gambrel is not very widespread in Brazil, the use is higher in the USA and in European countries.

American house with roof gambrel

6 – Roof Gambrel has an interior that is very used for attics.

Rooftop gambrel roof

7 – Roof model Gambrel appreciates the big house and many rooms.

Large house with roof gambrel

8 – Black Gambrel roof model in contrast to the white house.

Black gambrel roof

Mansarda-roof models

The Mansarda roof is often confused with the Gambrel roof. But there are significant differences between them. The mansarda consists of four parts, two on each side of the house, with the lower slope being steeper than the upper slope. With the Mansarda you can choose whether the upper slope is visible from the ground or not.

The Mansarda roof of French origin has in the upper part a space that makes it possible to create a storage room, the famous attic, as well as the Gambrel. This type of roof is also not very common in Brazil.

9 – Mansarda roof model with attic.

Roof Masarda with attic

10 – Mansarda roof model for the House of Classical Architecture.

Classic architecture house with Mansarda roof

11 – House of red brick valorized by the cover of the Mansarda type.

House of brick with Mansarda roof

12 – Attic is perhaps one of the big advantages of this type of roof.

House with roof Masarda and attic

Flat roof models

Modern architecture was largely responsible for spreading this type of roof. The flat roofs / sausages are easy to build, bring more security and accessibility and can even be used as a terrace.

However, this type of roof requires much greater maintenance than other types of roofs, especially when treating the board to keep it always watertight.

13 – Flat roofs are the preferred choice of the architect for modern buildings.

Modern construction with flat roof

14 – flat roof with slight incline; Ideal model for minimalist designs.

Flat roof with slight slope

15 – It is curious to see a house without the apparent roof.

House on apparent roof

16 – Flat roof model for the modern house and full of straightness.

Flat roof for modern house

Roof models salt

Another American roof model. The salt roof has a shorter side and a longer side, which makes the house asymmetrical. In Sobrado houses, the salt roofs are even more beautiful because they show the difference between the sides, which adds elegance and extra charm to the construction.

17 – models of salt roofs have well marked sides, each with a different size.

House with roof salt

18 – Salt Roof Model brings a striking design to the building.

Striking design with salt roof

19 – The difference between each page is determined by the design.

Salt roof design

20 – Roof model salt for modern style house.

Modern style house with salt roof

Skillion roof models

The Skillion Roof is another option for homes with modern architecture. This type of roof has a single sloped surface, also known as “roof and water”, and is generally used only in one part of the house.

Modern designs use the Skillion Roof in multi-story homes, with the goal of creating unique shapes and patterns on the exterior of the building.

21 – Skillion roofing only one side of the house.

Skillion roof on one side of the house

22 – The Skillion roof model was used in the bigger part of this house.

House with roof Skillion

23 – Strong slope of the roof Skillion left this house with a very distinctive appearance.

Townhouse with roof Skillion

24 – Skillion roof model and flat roof in the same project.

House with Skillion roof and flat roof

25 – Roof Skillion in a modern architectural project.

Modern architecture design with Skillion roof

cap roof

The hood roof is very similar to the pyramid roof, but in the Bonnet model slip the two sides diagonally.

26 – Wooden house with bonnet.

Wooden house with bonnet roof

27 – The roof of the roof is often used to cover balconies and other outdoor areas.

House with roof Bonnet

28 – Bonnet roof model brought charm and grace to these beach houses.

Charming house with bonnet roof

29 – Engine hood roof in conjunction with other roof models.

Bonnet roof in conjunction with other roof models

Models of pyramidal roof or four water

The model of a pyramidal roof or four water is well known and used in Brazil. It is an excellent choice for square and rectangular houses and promotes fast water flow.

Although it is very common in older buildings, the four-storey roof continues to be used in modern buildings due to its versatility. It is possible to use the pyramidal roof in two ways: open or hidden. In the first case, as the name implies, the roof remains exposed. While in the second form the roof is constructed with a smaller inclination and a larger wall, known as platybanda, which leaves it hidden.

30 – Modern house with four water roofs.

Modern house with four waters roof

31 – double pyramid roof.

Double pyramidal roof

32 – A house with a roof is more inviting.

A house with a roof is more welcoming

33 – Four-storey roof model with skylight.

Four-story roof with skylight

Models of roof two waters

Two-story roofs are relatively easy to build, have low costs and promote good drainage. Together with the four-water model, the two waters are among the most commonly used in Brazilian constructions.

However, this type of roof is not very recommendable for places that are exposed to strong and constant winds.

The two-water roof has two different models: the American and the Cangalha. The American style has one of the highest parts, this effect can be achieved by lifting the masonry or woodwork. Already in the Cangalha style, the First is responsible for the connection of the two sides of the roof.

34 – Cover two water in the Cangalha model.

Two-story roof in the cangalha model

 35 – Charming houses with roof two water.

Charming houses with roof two waters

36 – Model of the roof two waters; in the entrance a structure of wood, similar to a roof “a water”.

House with roof two waters

37 – In this project the meeting between the two sides of the roof is on the side of the house.

Side of the house roof

Most used materials for the construction of roofs

1. ceramic roof

Ceramic tile roofs are also known as colonial. This type of roof usually appears and stands out on the facade of the house due to the reddish color of its small tiles. They can be built in a variety of formats, from two-water models to more elaborate models like the Bonnet.

Ceramic roofs are very popular in Brazil and incorporate designs of houses of different styles. There are several models of ceramic tiles, most of which are Roman, French, Portuguese, Italian, colonial and American.

38 – Although the ceramic tiles have become popular due to the reddish coloration, there are other colors of ceramic roofs.

House with ceramic roof

39 – Ceramic roofs are also known to provide optimum thermal comfort within the residence.

Ceramic roof in the house

40 – Traditional ceramic cover for outdoor use.

Ceramic cover

41 – Gray ceramic roof.

Gray ceramic roof

42 – Model of the ceramic roof the view only on the inner part of the house.

Roof models: the main types and materials for construction

2. Fiberglass roof

Asbestos cement panels are currently the least expensive on the market. Its lightweight composition allows for a simpler structure, however, the tiles must be firmly attached so as not to suffer from wind gusts.

The thickness of the fiber cement panels varies between 4 and 8 millimeters. Even the size is usually standard, is generally sold in the size of 1.22 m by 2.44 m.

43 – Asbestos cement tiles are very resistant.

Asbestos cement roof

44 – When it comes to being economical, choose asbestos cement sheets.

Fiber cement tiles are cheap

45 – Four-story roof model with asbestos cement tiles.

Four-story roof with asbestos cement tiles

46 – roof two American-style waters.

American style two-water roof

3. Wooden roof

Undoubtedly, the wooden roofs give the house a very nice view. The most common way to use them is to cover small areas, especially the outer ones, or to promote a detail in the architecture.

However, the material must be constantly maintained, as it often suffers from rain, sun and wind. Another disadvantage of using wood on the roof is the great possibility that it will be attacked by pests, especially termites.

If you choose the material that will cover your home, make sure it is properly cared for so you will always be beautiful. Otherwise, the roof can endanger your entire project.

47 – For the roof of this house the same wood pattern was used as in the walls.

The same pattern of wood used on the walls was used for the roof of that house

48 – Cast model of a wooden roof, here in this project the effect is only aesthetic.

Cast wood roof model

 49 – Parsley is one of the most common types of wood / bamboo roofs.

Coating with wood / bamboo pergola50 – This house refers only to the structure of wood; a purely aesthetic effect.

Aesthetic effect on wooden roof

51 – Wood and bamboo for a completely different house.

Wood and bamboo for a very different house

4. polycarbonate roof

Polycarbonate is a translucent material that is commonly used to increase the brightness of environments. It can be built with tiles attached to each other or with whole panels. This type of roof is often used outdoors, especially in pergola covers. However, it can also be used indoors by covering polycarbonate sheets with conventional tiles.

52 – Polycarbonate exterior cover.

Polycarbonate cover in external area

53 – Polycarbonate on the roof of the balcony does not stop the passage of light.

Polycarbonate on the roof of the balcony

54 – Model of a two-story polycarbonate roof.

Two-story polycarbonate roof

55 – Arched roof model made of polycarbonate.

Arched roof made of polycarbonate

5. Green roof

Green roofs are a trend in modern projects, in particular due to the growing interest in bringing the concept of sustainability and nature into the home.

This type of roof has very positive characteristics, among which it is possible to underline the ability to keep the internal temperature of the house always pleasant – absorbing up to 90% more heat than the traditional roofs – to improve the soundproofing of the house and a very floating To offer a garden that is beautiful to be appreciated.

In addition to the residents, the neighborhood also benefits from green roofs as it can significantly improve the ambient air.

56 – Green roof model with several plant species.

Green roof with several species of plants

57 – Check the weather and the conditions of the place to use the most suitable plants.

Plants on the roof

58 – Vaulted roof model with a flat green roof.

House with arched roof and lawn

59 – A roof to enjoy.

Roof models: the main types and materials for construction

60 – In harmony with the landscape, this house lives in perfect harmony with the environment.

House with green roof

6. Glass roof

The glass roofs have the same characteristics as polycarbonate roofs, ie the main purpose of this roof type is to promote or enhance the natural lighting.

The biggest difference between them is that glass is a nobler material than polycarbonate.

61 – Glass roof model to enjoy day or night; Combined with the wood, the room becomes even more comfortable.

Glass roof for day or night

62 – To support the natural lighting of the kitchen, a glass roof was strategically positioned in the middle of the room as an option.

Glass roof model in the kitchen

 63 – High ceiling with glass ceiling.

High ceiling with glass ceiling

64 – Outer glass cover.

Glass outer cover

65 – Glass cover on the facade of the house.

Glass cover on the facade of the residence

7. Thatched roof

Rustic is the word that defines the roof of straw. Projects with this material have a warm aura and are very inviting.

Thatched roofs can be used to cover the entire house or just a specific area, and they blend well with outdoor areas such as balconies.

 66 – Perfect combination: in the middle of nature, a straw-sprung wooden house.

Thatched roof in wooden house

 67 – Straw was chosen as the material to coat this brick house.

Masonry house with thatched roof

68 – A house to fall in love with: straw, wood and a lot of nature.

Straw, wood and nature

69 – Thatch roof model in the modern house.

Modern house with thatched roof

70 – Model 4 roof with straw cover.

Four-water roof and straw



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