Types of tiles: See the main types with illustrative photos


The roof is the last construction phase. He finishes the work and reveals the architecture and aesthetics of the house. However, the roof must be initially defined and planned for the project to be as desired. This is because each type of tile has specific properties in terms of material, color, inclination, thermal insulation and durability. Therefore, each tile type fits better in one project than in the other.

The price is also a deciding factor when buying tiles. There are cheaper and much more expensive types. The tiles also match the architectural model of the house. There are models that benefit more from traditional constructions and others from contemporary styles.

All these variations must be taken into account before planning the roof and the type of tile to be used, so as to have no surprises – unpleasant – at the time of completion of the work. But calm down! Rest assured that in this post you will find all the information you need to choose the best tile for your home.

Get to know the most important types of existing roof tiles in construction

Let’s start by talking about the types of ceramic tiles, one of the most traditional.

1. ceramic tiles

Ceramic tiles are the most common tiles in Brazil. Made of clay, they can make the house rustic and comfortable. There are different types of ceramic tiles. The most used are French, Portuguese, Roman, Colonial and Plan.

The main difference between them is the format. The French tile, also known as Marseille, has at its edges a relief that allows for better fitting and fixing between the tiles and therefore is the most suitable type for places that suffer from strong winds or for roofs that have a greater slope to have. The average price for each French tile is R $ 1.75.

The Portuguese tile has one of its round halves and is ideal for those who want a wavy roof. The average price of a Portuguese tile is R $ 1. The Roman tile is flat and has a simple fit. This is one of the cheapest ceramic tiles on the market, with an average price of $ 0.89.

The colonial tile has a concave shape and installation is done by rows in reverse position. The type of setting of this type of tile allows better drainage of the water, which is very indicated for regions with high rainfall index. The unit price of the colonial tile is on average 1 R $.

Finally the plan model. Very similar to the colonial type, with the difference that this tile has a straight format. The tile plan can be offered for sale starting at R $ 1.

Although they have different shapes, most ceramic tiles are the same size: 23.5 centimeters long, with the exception of the plan and colonial models, which are half the size of the others. To cover one square meter you need about 15 to 18 tiles. It is worth noting that the recommended minimum incline for ceramic tiles is 30%.

The main advantages of ceramic tiles are thermal insulation and easy cleaning and maintenance. However, the weight of these tiles requires a more stable structure, which increases the overall cost of the roof and reinforces the structure of the building. This feature can be a disadvantage for those looking for something lighter and more economical. Take a look at some models of ceramic tile roofs:

Picture 1 – Modern house has the main roof hidden in the platibanda, only the roof of the garage, made with ceramic tiles, was left visible.

Modern style house with ceramic tiles
Picture 1 – Modern house has the main roof hidden in the platibanda, only the roof of the garage, made with ceramic tiles, was left visible.

Picture 2 – Country house with four-storey roof and ceramic tiles.

Country house with four-storey roof and ceramic tile
Picture 2 – Country house with four-storey roof and ceramic tiles.

Figure 3 – What would a rustic house be without the presence of ceramic tiles?

Rustic style house with ceramic tiles

Figure 4 – Ceramic tiles with skylight.

Ceramic tile with skylight

2. concrete tiles

Concrete tiles or cement tiles, as they are known, are new to the market and are still little used. But gradually it is gaining ground for its benefits. The most important ones are the thermal comfort, the variety of shapes and colors available – green, red, peach, gray, ivory, coffee, among others, and the possibility of using them in projects with a greater inclination, over 35%. The average price for each concrete slab is R $ 1.40.

However, concrete tiles are even heavier than ceramic tiles, ie it is necessary to fold the reinforcement into the roof construction.

Picture 5 – concrete roof is in the architecture of this house.

Concrete tile in the house

Picture 6 – Concrete tiles allow a greater slope of the roof.

Roof slope with concrete tiles

Picture 7 – The color of the tiles appreciates the architectural design.

Color of the tiles that value the architectural design

Figure 8 – Color of the tiles that match the color of the house.

Color of tiles matching the color of the house

3. Enameled tiles

Glazed tiles are a type of ceramic tile that only differs in finish. This type of tile ends up with a layer of paint which, in addition to the variety of shades, also ensures longer durability and resistance of the tiles, making them less permeable, reducing the possibility of infiltration and the onset of fungi.

However, with an average price of $ 2.10, enamelled tiles can cost up to twice as much as a normal ceramic tile, but some stores even sell the glazed version for up to $ 3 apiece.

Picture 9 – The importance of planning the roof at the beginning of the construction to guarantee the best result

Roof planned at the beginning of the work with enamelled tiles

Picture 10 – Gray enamelled tiles and white lining.

Gray enamelled tile and white lining

Picture 11 – Two-story roof with enamelled tiles.

Two-story roof made with glazed tiles

Photo 12 – Modern architecture that benefits from the beauty of enamelled tiles.

Modern architecture with enamelled tiles

4. Fiber cement tiles

Asbestos cement tiles are very popular, also known as Brasilit tile and Eternit tile. This type of tile replaces old asbestos tiles that are no longer marketed because of the high risk to human health.

The traditional form of asbestos cement tiles is curled, but there are also models that imitate ceramic tiles. The fiber cement tiles are light, durable, durable and cheaper than other existing models. The price of a 6 mm thick 1.53 x 0.92 cm fiber cement panel is an average of R $ 28.

Another advantage of this type of tiles is that they can be installed with a minimum slope of 15%. Because they are lightweight, fiber cement boards also do not require a very reinforced structure, which is another positive factor for those who want to save on the roof. The main disadvantage of this type of tile is that it absorbs a lot of heat and makes the house warm. The solution to this, however, is simply to simply build a liner or plate.

Figure 13 – For those who think that asbestos cement panels should be hidden, this project came to a different conclusion.

Design with asbestos cement tiles

Picture 14 – Small house and simple, but very nice with its fiber cement roof.

Small flat house with fiber cement roof

Figure 15 – Asbestos cement panels cover a larger area with just one piece.

Asbestos cement roof tile

Figure 16 – Fiber cement tiles that imitate ceramic tiles.

Fiber cement tile imitating ceramic tiles

5. Photovoltaic tiles

Photovoltaic tiles. Does this name sound different? Not for nothing is this tile new to the Brazilian market. These tiles are made of ceramic, but have one crucial difference: their main function is to generate energy by directly converting sunlight into electricity. The wiring runs under the roof to the converter.

A roof of photovoltaic tiles covering an area of ​​40 m² can produce enough energy for a family. Prepare the bag, however. For the cost of this type of tile is still high.

Picture 17 – Partially roofed roof with photovoltaic roof tiles.

Roof with photovoltaic tiles

Picture 18 – Blue roof, for those who want to combine aesthetics with functionality.

Blue roof

Picture 19 – Sustainable buildings are the trend of the future, in all parts of the work.

Sustainable building with tiles

6. Galvanized tiles

Galvanized tiles are very durable and sturdy. This tile type is made of steel and is coated with a mixture of aluminum and zinc, which prevents corrosion and rusting. On the market there are two color variants for galvanized tiles: white and silver, which represent the color of the metal itself.

An advantage of this tile is that it can be installed with only 15% inclination. Although hard, this type of tile has very poor thermal insulation, warming the environment. Another problem with this type of tile is the noise, especially in the rain. The average price of a galvanized tile measuring 1.03 meters by 0.98 centimeters is R $ 23.

Picture 20 – Porch covered with white galvanized tiles.

Porch covered with white galvanized tile

Figure 21 – Modern architectural house with galvanized roof.

Modern architecture house with galvanized roof

Picture 22 – Small house covered with galvanized tiles.

Small house covered with galvanized roof

Picture 23 – The higher the right foot, the less thermal discomfort in the apartment.

High ceiling in construction

Picture 24 – In this house a white galvanized tile became visible.

White galvanized tile

Picture 25 – Interesting combination: galvanized tiles and wood.

Galvanized tiles and wood

7. Stacked tiles

The gravel tiles are a kind of metallic tile that combines beauty and functionality. This type of tile has a layer of cut stone with a ceramic surface that is very similar to the tiles of the Roman and French styles. In contrast to traditional metallic tiles, the gravel tile has the property that it does not radiate heat and thus offers good thermal comfort. They also do not absorb moisture and are easy to install. However, the cost of this type of tile is greater than that of ceramic and concrete.

Picture 26 – Simple and small house covered with gravel tiles.

Simple and small house with gravel tiles
Simple and small house covered with gravel tiles.

Picture 27 – The dark roof contrasts with the white color of the house.

Dark roof contrasts with the white color of the house

Picture 28 – Graveled Tiles draw attention to their shape.

Graveled tiles call attention to their format

Picture 29 – Differential model of the covered roof with gravel tiles.

Roof covered with gravel tiles

8. metal tiles

Metal tiles can be made of steel, aluminum, copper or a mixture of different metals. This type of tile is very durable, durable, lightweight and can cover large areas due to the size of each unit – can reach more than four feet in length

Figure 30 – Lakefront house covered with metal tiles.

House on the lake with metal tiles
House on the lake with metal tiles

Figure 31 – Modern air of this house was obtained with the use of metal tiles.

Metal tiles in the modern house

Picture 32 – On the outside the white metallic tiles became visible.

White metallic tiles

Picture 33 – A roof, which was brought to look and attract attention.

Roof to appear and get attention

Image 34 – If you prefer a mix of materials, you can be inspired by this country house.

Mix of materials in the villa

Picture 35 – Metal tiles and glass tiles in the same project.

Metal tile and glass tile in the same project

9. PET tiles

As the name implies, this tile is made from PET bottles. This tile is not only ecologically correct, but also very light and does not require a reinforced structure, reducing the overall cost of the roof. And do not think that this type of tile is less resistant because it is made of recyclable material. On the other hand. PET tiles are highly durable, durable, withstand high temperatures, and are non-porous like ceramic tiles, reducing permeability and mold growth in the part. And to conclude the list of benefits, we can not fail to mention that the PET tile is still very versatile, can be found in models similar to ceramics and in the options translucent and colorful.

Picture 36 – Modern and sustainable architecture with the PET roof.

Modern architecture with pet tiles

Picture 37 – Let them appear.

Let the tiles appear

Picture 38 – Four-story roof with PET tiles.

Four-story roof made with PET tiles

Image 39 – It looks like ceramic, but they are PET tiles.

It looks ceramic, but they are PET tiles

10. polycarbonate tiles

Polycarbonate tiles come in the list of types of translucent and transparent tiles. They are often used to cover outdoor areas or to create indoor light areas. This type of tile is very durable, lightweight and has a UV (UV) protective layer to ensure that the tile does not yellow. It is a good choice for glass tiles that are more fragile.

Picture 40 – Polycarbonate roof for the pool area.

Polycarbonate roof for pool area

Picture 41 – Provide a natural interior lighting with polycarbonate tiles.

Polycarbonate tiles in the pool area

Picture 42 – Pergola with polycarbonate tiles.

Pergolado covered with polycarbonate tiles

Figure 43 – Polycarbonate tiles are more durable than glass tiles.

Polycarbonate shingles are more durable than glass shingles

11. PVC tiles

PVC tiles are lightweight, versatile and can be found in different colors and shapes. The most common are those that mimic the ceramic model, including the color. One of their drawbacks, however, is that they can heat the environment because they do not have good thermal insulation. PVC tiles have higher costs compared to fiber cement tiles and ceramic tiles, the average price of a 2.30 x 0.86 cm piece is R $ 75.

Picture 44 – PVC roof perfectly imitates a ceramic roof.

PVC roofing perfectly mimicking a ceramic roof

Picture 45 – PVC tiles have different color options.

PVC tiles have different color options

Figure 46 – PVC roof with a steep slope.

PVC roof with sharp slope

Picture 47 – Modern house with PVC roof.

Modern house with PVC roof

12. Shingle tile

Shingle tiles are not very common in Brazil and are more commonly used in American homes. Made of asphalt, this type of tile is very resistant, can be used at different angles of inclination, requires little maintenance and is available in different colors. The price of the shingle tile is that it is not very attractive: three square meters cost an average of $ 137.

Picture 48 – White house with shingled tiles.

White house with brown shingle tiles

Picture 49 – House and roof in the same color.

House and roof in the same color

Picture 50 – roof four water made with shingles.

Four watershed roof made with shingle tiles.

Picture 51 – Black roof, to attract attention.

Black roof to draw attention of everyone who passes

Picture 52 – Classic house with shingle tiles.

Classic house with shingle tiles

Figure 53 – Shingled roof with trapdoor.

Shingle roof with trapdoor

13. Thermoacoustic tile

The thermoacoustic tiles are made like a sandwich. These tiles have the outer metal layers that are “filled” with Styrofoam. The composition of this type of tile provides excellent thermal and acoustic insulation and is ideal for projects that require these properties.

Picture 54 – Thermo-acoustic tiles used in the house with high ceilings.

Thermo-acoustic tile used at home on high ceilings

Picture 55 – Country house with thermoacoustic roof.

Country house with thermoacoustic roof

Picture 56 – In contrast to other metallic tiles, which reflect the sound of rain, thermoacoustics do not suffer from this problem.

Unlike other metallic tiles that reverberate the sound of rain, thermoacoustics do not suffer from this problem

Picture 57 – Thermoacoustic tiles covering the stable.

Thermoacoustic tiles covering the shed

14. Glass tile

Glass tiles are used to let in natural light in dimly lit environments. These types of tiles are usually made in the same shape as ceramic tiles or concrete because they are used together. They can also be installed outdoors like balconies. The main disadvantage of this type of tiles is that they can easily break and break, in addition to frequent cleanings to ensure transparency.

Figure 58 – Glasshouse: walls and ceilings built with material.

Glass house: walls and ceilings built with material

Image 59 – Glass tiles on the metal structure.

Glass tiles supported on metal frame

15. Translucent tile (fiberglass)

Translucent tiles are made of fiberglass and have the same purpose as glass tiles except they are more durable, lighter and longer lasting. They do not look like glass, but they can be used without much aesthetic damage.

Picture 60 – Outside Pergolado covered with transparent tiles.

External Pergolado covered with translucent tiles

Figure 61 – Outdoor area, which is illuminated brighter by the transparency of translucent tiles.

External area brighter with the transparency of the translucent tiles

Image 62 – Because it is cheaper, this type of tile is often used in industrial and commercial areas.

A cheaper tile type option



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